Custom Libraries — qooxdoo 5.1 documentation

Custom Libraries

Once your application has grown beyond a certain size, or when you start a second application that could re-use some of the code of the first, you start thinking about factoring code out into separately manageable units. This is when you create dedicated libraries.

In qooxdoo all code is organized in libraries. Also the code tree that holds your application's main class is, conceptually, a library. So even in the simplest skeleton you are already working in a library (the skeleton), with a library (the framework classes). Creating and using further libraries is only a repetition of that.

Creating a Custom Library

Just run create-application.py. The default application type ("desktop") is good enough for this purpose. If you have existing code that you want to put into the library, just move the files over to their new location under the source/class/<namespace> path. Don't forget to adapt the class name as given in the call to e.g. qx.Class.define. The name passed in this call has to match the path suffix of the class file, like "<namespace>.Foo".

If you don't plan to develop a small demo application along with the library classes, you could put away with the Application.js file that is part of every skeleton by default. But you could just as well keep this file, as it allows you to build an application in your library directly (also see further).

Using the Library

In an existing application, to use your new library you have to do two things.

Make it known to the Generator

You need to make the new library known to the existing application so it knows where to look for resources. In principle this means that every job that evaluates libraries (like source, build, etc.) needs to be informed about it through the library configuration key.

To make it easier for you, so you don't have to add the new library to each and every job individually, there is the libraries job. If you override this one, all standard jobs that use the library key will automatically inherit it:

"libraries" : [
  {
    "manifest": "path/to/new/library/Manifest.json"
  }
]

It suffices that you enter the new library, since other default libraries will be added automatically.

Use it in your Code

Now all you have to do is just to reference resources from the new library, e.g. a library class, in your code:

var c = new mylib.Foo();

"Building" the library itself

This was what you have to do to use the library in another application. But there is nothing to stop you from creating a little demo application in the library itself. This is quite useful as it helps you to develop your library API further without the need to test it in other (potentially more complex) applications which include it. Just keep the default Application.js class around and use it to instantiate and exercise classes from the library. You don't have to change anything in the library's config.json, as the "local" library is always included.

Without the main Application.js there is not much sense in running the application-generating build jobs of the tool chain, like "source" or "build", in the library directly. You can still run other jobs that do not create an application from your code, like "api", "test" or "lint".

Sharing a Namespace

You can share a common namespace prefix across libraries. This is especially interesting if you split up a large application into multiple libraries that can be developed independently. But it is important that every library has its own, individual namespace.

Let's illustrate that with an example. Imagine you have been developing your application to quite some size. You have already organized the classes in subdirectories of the namespace root, e.g. like this

source/class/myapp
               /model
                 Foo.js
               /view
                 Bar.js
               Application.js

Now you want to factor out the model and view components into their own libraries. In a suitable path you create two new skeletons:

$ create-application.py -n my_model -s myapp.model
$ create-application.py -n my_view  -s myapp.view

Now you can move Foo.js to the first library, into its source/class/myapp/model/ path, and Bar.js to the second, into its source/class/myapp/view/ path. So together with your initial application you now have three libraries, with namespaces myapp, myapp.model and myapp.view, respectively. The namespaces are all distinct, but share the common prefix myapp.

Mind that in the original situation Foo's class id was myapp.model.Foo. This hasn't changed! The class id is the same in the new library, so you don't have to edit the class itself (i.e. its call to qx.Class.define), nor do you have to adapt any location referencing Foo in other code (like in "var c = new myapp.model.Foo();"). But strictly speaking the class was formerly allocated in a namespace myapp with a path of model/Foo.js, while now it is allocated in a namespace myapp.model with a path of Foo.js.

Speed up Cold-Cache Compile Time

Once you have settled in using an own library and the library's code is stable you can speed up usage of the library classes by running the compile-scss job. This will create a file with dependency information for the library which can be used to compile your main application. (The SDK comes with such a file pre-compiled for the framework classes.) You can then work in your main application, even run clean and distclean jobs but the dependency information for your library will pertain.

The file will not be used, though, if you again modify code in the library, to make sure the information is always current. But you can re-run the dependencies job after a while when the code has stabilized.